Iwagakure ( Literally meaning "Village Hidden in the Rocks") is the hidden village of the Earth Country. As one of the five great ninja villages, Iwagakure has a Kage, or Shadow as its leader known as the Tsuchikage. There have been three Tsuchikage, the most recent being Udara, Iwagakure is well-known for the rock-hard attitude of its shinobi along with their somtimes cocky attuitude, dispite stotic behavior..
The rocky mountain ranges that surround the village and country provide a natural stronghold. The village profits from this advantageous position and is proud of its strong defences. The village sits among a mountain range consisting of small narrow waterfalls, with the buildings being composed of rock and stone; shaped from large, elevated formations of rock into tower-like structures. Many of its buildings sit on cliffs connected by a network of bridges. The Tsuchikage's palace seems to be the tallest structure with a cone shaped roof.
In year 69(Pre E.E), Iwagakure was left destroyed at the hand of the four and five tailed beasts. After this incident the Lord of the Earth Country declared its new millitary power to be his soldiers, who were skilled in Swordplay and nothing else. However this did not stop the Shinobi's within Iwagakure. They no longer had the funding, and there land had been descreated by the beasts, But through years and years of hard effort, and following strict traiditon they become stronger and stronger, becoming some of the best of the land. However the force was still to small to be considered anythin even in 150 E.E. Over two hundred years after the attack.
In the year 151 E.E however, Nardenu Fu. He and his group of Shinobi marched straight to the Lord's palace and presented there strengths. It is said that the Lord was so impressed by what he saw that he did infact grant Nardenu Fu, Kageship, becoming the first Tsuchikage in 200 years, and also gave him control of his swordsmen, which showed his pure admiration. And that as they say is that.
After Tsuchikage Fu's death, Harrold Mac, was the Tsuchikage temporialy, and is still recognized such throughout history, however he only lasted three years before everyone found out his true goals, of which can not be disclosed. The Tarredford clan grasped the role of Kage for the next hundred years or so, untill Robert Tarredford retired, giving the job to a younger upcoming Shinobi known as Udara.